WASHINGTON — U.S. sales of new homes rose in April and nearly matched the fastest pace in five years, driving the median price to a record high. The gains suggest the housing recovery is strengthening.
New-home sales increased 2.3 percent in April from March to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 454,000, the Commerce Department said Thursday. That’s only slightly below January’s pace of 458,000, which was the fastest since July 2008.
Steady job creation and near-record-low mortgage rates are spurring more Americans to buy homes. Sales are still below the 700,000 pace consistent with healthy markets, but they have risen 29 percent over the past year.
The median sales price jumped 8.3 percent in April from March to $271,600. That’s highest on records going back to 1993. The median sales price is not adjusted for inflation.
Prices are rising quickly because more people are bidding on a limited number of homes.
The supply of new homes for sale increased 3.3 percent in April to 156,000. That’s the most in 18 months, although it’s still only slightly above the record low of 142,000 set in July 2012.
Economists at Credit Suisse said the solid rise in prices reflected an effort by builders to keep supplies lean to help propel home prices higher.
Still, builders are growing more confident in the housing recovery and have started to ramp up construction. In April, they requested permits to build homes at fastest pace in nearly five years.
“April’s new home sales are further evidence of a rebounding national housing market,” said John Tashjian, an executive with Centurian Real Estate Partners in New York City. “Over the past 18 months we have seen housing pull itself off the mat and spring back to life.”
Sales of new homes increased 10.8 percent in the West in April and 3 percent in the South. They fell 16.7 percent in the Northeast and 4.8 percent in the Midwest.
The increase in new-home sales follows a report Wednesday that sales of previously owned homes rose in April to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.97 million, the highest level in 3½ years.
Prices for re-sales are also rising, although they remain well below peak levels reached before the housing bubble burst. Higher prices tend to make homeowners feel wealthier. That encourages consumers to spend more, which accounts for 70 percent of economic activity.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke cited the revival in housing as a significant benefit of the Fed’s super-low interest rate policies.
“Higher prices of houses and other assets, in turn, have increased household wealth and consumer confidence, spurring consumer spending and contributing to gains in production and employment,” Bernanke said in an appearance before the congressional Joint Economic Committee.
Several major homebuilders have reported strong annual increases in orders for the first three months of the year. Ryland Group Inc. said that its orders in April jumped 59 percent from a year earlier.
Though new homes represent only a fraction of the housing market, they have a sizable impact on the economy. Each home built creates an average of three jobs for a year and generates about $90,000 in tax revenue, according to data from the National Association of Home Builders.