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Tim Cook
Apple chief executive and Alabama native Tim Cook laughs with a group before an Alabama Academy of Honor ceremony at the state Capitol in this Oct. 27, 2014 file photo taken in Montgomery, Ala. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson, File)

Tim Cook: ‘I’m proud to be gay’

NEW YORK — Apple CEO Tim Cook’s declaration that he’s “proud to be gay,” makes him the highest-profile business executive in the nation to publicly acknowledge his sexual orientation.

In a country where more major-league athletes have come out than top CEOs, business leaders and gay-rights advocates said Cook’s disclosure was an important step toward easing anti-gay stigma in the workplace, particularly for employees in the many states where workers can still be fired for being gay.

Cook’s sexual orientation was not a secret within Apple or in Silicon Valley. The 53-year-old successor to Steve Jobs led Out magazine’s top 50 most powerful people for three years. But in an essay published Thursday by Bloomberg Businessweek, Cook said that while he never denied his sexuality, he never openly acknowledged it, either. He said he acted in the hopes that it could make a difference to others.

“I’ve come to realize that my desire for personal privacy has been holding me back from doing something more important,” he wrote.

Cook said he considers being gay “among the greatest gifts God has given me” because it has given him both a better understanding of what it means to be in the minority and “the skin of a rhinoceros, which comes in handy when you’re the CEO of Apple.”

The news did not shock the stock market, nor send much of a ripple through Silicon Valley.

Besides Cook, there are no other openly gay CEOs in the Fortune 1,000, even though statistically, 3.4 percent of Americans identify as something other than straight, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control. Some executives of major U.S. corporations who are openly gay at their companies declined to comment to The Associated Press.

John Browne, who resigned as British Petroleum CEO in 2007 after being outed by a tabloid and who is the author of “The Glass Closet: Why Coming Out Is Good Business,” said Cook has become a role model “and will speed up changes in the corporate world.”

Fifty-three percent of workers in the U.S. who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender hide that part of their identity at work, according to a study by Human Rights Campaign, the nation’s largest gay-rights group.

“I think it depends on where they’re located, and it depends on their position in a company,” said Wendy Patrick, a business ethics lecturer at San Diego State University.

She points out that executives in the 29 U.S. states that do not protect employees from being fired based on sexual orientation may still feel hesitant to come out at work.

Cook’s announcement “will save countless lives,” said Chad Griffin, president of Human Rights Campaign. “Apple has consistently fought for the LGBT community, and we’re incredibly grateful that today’s announcement will bring even more to their work for equality.”